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Marinha Grande

Marinha Grande

 

Marinha Grande is a municipality in the Leiria District, Portugal. The municipality has a population of 38,030 and a total area of 187.1 km². The city itself has a population of 30,000.

The town is composed of three parishes: Vieira de Leiria, Marinha Grande, and Moita. It is located right in the middle of the 700 year old Leiria pine forest covering 100 square kilometres, and near exquisite beaches such asPraia da VieiraNazaré, and São Pedro de Moel.

 

Informação Wikipédia

Marinha Grande
Brasão de Marinha Grande Bandeira de Marinha Grande
Brasão Bandeira
Localização de Marinha Grande

Marinha Grande (Portuguese pronunciation: [mɐˈɾiɲɐ ˈɣɾɐ̃d(ɨ)]) is a municipality in the Leiria District, Portugal. The municipality has a population of 38,030 and a total area of 187.1 km². The city itself has a population of 30,000.

The town is composed of three parishes: Vieira de Leiria, Marinha Grande, and Moita. It is located right in the middle of the 700 year old Leiria pine forest covering 100 square kilometres, and near exquisite beaches such asPraia da VieiraNazaré, and São Pedro de Moel.

The present Mayor is Álvaro Pereira, elected by the Socialist Party.

The municipal holiday is Ascension Day.

Contents

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[edit]Parishes

  • Marinha Grande
  • Moita
  • Vieira de Leiria

[edit]History

The Pinhal de Leiria forest was first planted in the 13th century by Dom Afonso III and expanded by Dom Dinisas a barrier against the sands and to supply timber to the maritime industry.

The Marinha Grande glass manufacturing industry was first established in the middle of the 18th century. The Royal Glass Factory (Real Fabrica de Vidros) was bought by an English entrpreneur William Stephens who developed the factory and the business under the protection of the Marques de Pombal. The wood from the pine forest was used to fuel the factories. The former palacial home of William Stephens now contains the Museu do Vidro da Marinha Grande which houses glassware from the 17th-20th centuries. In 1826, the factory was given to the state and became one of the country's main producers of traditionally made fine crystal.[1]

[edit]Economy

Marinha Grande is Portugal's biggest glass manufacturer, and it is also the European capital for the mouldingindustry, with 250 companies operating there, rightfully giving the town the nickname 'The Crystal City'.

The city is served by a highway and a train line. It is a 1 hour and 15 min drive away from Lisbon, only 10 min away from Leiria and 45 minutes to Coimbra.

[edit]Tourism

The pine forest is an aromatic forest and has waymarked paths for walkers. It has several campsites within it. There is a cycle route from Marinha Grande to São Pedro de Moel on the coast. There are tours around the glass works and to the glass museums.

[edit]References

  1. ^ Travel in Portugal - Nazare - Marinha Grande

[edit]External links